SBA Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) vs. Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDL) during Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic


Updated 07/02/20

For small business owners hit hard by the Coronavirus Pandemic, the CARES Act still has funds available after the second round of financial relief, and offers several SBA programs to offset the negative economic impact. Two that have been in the news are: Payment Protection Program (PPP) and Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDL). These loans also benefit the self-employed.

The additional funds include $310 billion to fund the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) and an additional $60 billion to fund Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDL).

The first and most important step is to contact your banking partner. While the SBA is administering these loans, they will be serviced by banks, credit unions and SBA-approved lenders. Each lender is prioritizing by their current customers.

The second step is to make it a priority to apply, if you haven’t already. Don’t delay, funds are available on a first come, first served basis.

PPP vs EIDL – How do the Loans Compare?

These are two separate programs and the benefits of each depend on your business and situation. PPP allows businesses borrow up to $10 million in loans that are 100% forgivable if they do not lay off any employees or if they rehire employees they’ve already laid off.

The EIDL allows businesses borrow up to $2 million in loans and includes a grant of up to $10k. Read our FAQs as follows for more information on each loan.

What is the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP)?

The primary purpose of the Paycheck Protection Program is to cover payroll. For a self-employed person, payroll includes paying yourself for services you perform. If you have employees, the primary benefit of PPP is geared toward protecting your employees and a portion of this loan can be forgivable.

If your business banking partner is a smaller, community bank, it’s important to know that $125 billion of the additional $310 billion in funding will be set aside to support smaller banks. Specifically, Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) who service smaller businesses, many of which are minority and women-owned businesses.

What are the PPP Loan Forgiveness Rules?

Updated June 5th 2020: On June 5th, a new bill was signed into law by the President to expand the SBA PPP loan forgiveness rules. Learn more about these changes in our latest post on PPP Loan Forgiveness.

To be forgiven, the loan must be used for payroll costs, rent, utilities, and interest on mortgages. At least 60% of the forgiven amount MUST have been used for payroll.

A few key stipulations of the loan forgiveness rules include the employer maintaining staff or rehiring laid-off employees and keeping salaries intact. If headcount is reduced or salaries and wages decrease, loan forgiveness will be reduced.

It’s important to understand the instructions and fill out the PPP loan forgiveness application. This application needs to be submitted to the PPP lender you are working with.

Here’s a high-level summary of some of the key changes to the PPP Loan forgiveness rules from June 5th:

  • Borrowers have the option to extend the 8-weeks to 24-weeks for payroll costs to retain and rehire employees
  • The 75% required to be used on payroll expenses has been reduced to 60% of the total loan amount. In addition, the cap for forgivable, non-payroll expenses has increased from 25% to 40%
  • The June 30th deadline for penalties and calculations for reductions in workforce has been extended to December 31st
  • Additional exceptions where the borrower made good faith effort and can document one of the following situations:
    The employer unable to rehire former employees or similarly qualified new employees, or the business was unable to restore business operations due to federal health guidelines and/restrictions related to COVID-19
  • Extended loan repayment period from 2 years to 5 years. This maintains an interest rate of 1%
  • Borrowers will be eligible for a 2-year deferral of employer’s share of Social Security payroll taxes

Download the instructions and application directly from the SBA website: PPP Loan Forgiveness Application


Q. What can PPP be used for?

Payroll, employee salaries, mortgage interest, rent & utilities, interest on debt (occurred before February 15, 2020).

Q. How much can I qualify for with PPP?

2.5x your businesses average monthly payroll.

Q. What are the terms for PPP?

No payments for the first 6 months. Thereafter; 1% fixed APR for a total 2-year term.

Q. How do I apply for PPP?

As a small business owner, it’s important to contact your FDIC-insured bank, credit union or approved SBA lender immediately to submit your application.

If you already applied through your banking partner, be sure to confirm your original application is still in the system. Each has its own requirements, such as having business checking account.

What if you don’t have a business checking account, or the bank that has your business checking account doesn’t take your application?

SBA’s website lists their district offices near you, and each district office has a website and Resource Guide for its district. This Resource Guide should include a list of local SBA lenders in the district. You can call or visit those banks’ websites to see which bank will take your application for the Paycheck Protection Program.

Q. What Is the deadline for applying for a PPP loan?

With $130 billion still unspent as part of the Payment Protection Program, the Senate has cleared legislation to extend the current deadline for applying for a PPP loan to August 8, 2020. This allows small business owners who have not yet applied more time to submit an application. In addition, discussions have already started in Congress in support of another coronavirus relief bill to help businesses continue to navigate the economic volatility due to COVID-19.

Q. How much of PPP is forgivable?

Up to 100% upon approval.


What is an Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL)?

If you are self-employed and do not have employees, this may be a good option for you. The federal Small Business Administration (SBA) runs the Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) program directly. A part of the loan may be forgiven (up to $10k).

Q. What can EIDL be used for?

Payroll, fixed debts, accounts payable, other expenses that you are unable to pay directly due to the Covid-19 impact.

Q. How much can I qualify for with EIDL?

Up to $2 million.

Q. What are the terms for EIDL?

3.75% APR for up to a 30-year term.

Q. How do I Apply for EIDL?

An additional $60 billion to fund Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDL) was part of the $484 billion additional relief package approved in late April.

Apply online at It doesn’t cost anything to apply.

On the application, you can check the box to be considered for an advance before your loan is finalized. You will need to provide a bank routing number and account number for them to deposit the loan advance.

Q. How much of EIDL is forgivable?

Up to $10k available as an emergency grant, upon approval.

The SBA will determine how much loan advance they will give you, and when they will send the loan advance. If you receive a loan advance, the advance won’t have to be repaid. The loan advance may be $10,000, but it may be less.

Q. Can I apply to Both PPP and EIDL?

Yes, you can apply for both. But you can’t use the funds from both loan programs for the same purpose. For the most updated and complete information, read the FAQs on the EIDL and FAQs on the PPP.

For more information, visit The SBA has a hotline to help answer questions 1-800-659-2955, 7 days a week from 7:00a.m. to 9:00p.m.



As of publish date, while the information provided in this article is intended to be accurate, it should not be considered legal advice. These programs are rapidly evolving and we cannot be held responsible for any errors or omissions. Please contact your local bank, SBA and U.S. Treasury websites for updated information. You should also consult with your tax, legal or financial advisor to make the right choice for your business.



COVID-19 Relief for Small Business, U.S. Small Business Administration




29 comments on “SBA Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) vs. Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDL) during Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic

  1. Alex Jun on

    I worked as a freelance consultant and a tutor for the last 8 years but was forced to quit my jobs due to the coronavirus outbreak. Although I received 1099 forms from the parties I worked for, I don’t have an official business registered and business accounts. Am I qualified for PPP or SBA Disaster Loan?

    • The Bottom Line Blog Team on

      Hi Alex,

      Your best resource for your specific situation is to check the SBA website directly or work with your business bank or credit union. At this time, the $349 billion has hit it’s cap, but talks are underway to provide additional emergency relief funds.

      We wish you the best during this difficult time.

    • Nick on

      In response to Alex:

      Yes, you are, but it has to be based off of your income from your 2019 return (Schedule C) – you can’t use your 2018 return, so you’ll have to complete your 2019 if you haven’t done so already.

  2. mike on

    If I received both EIDL and PPP, can I return the PPP in full and keep the EIDL since I may not meet then forgiveness requirement?

    • The Bottom Line Blog Team on

      Hi Mike,

      This is a great question! Since the PPP is being funded through your banking partner or SBA-approved lender, we suggest you follow up with them directly to confirm the PPP funds can be returned in full. We wish you the best of luck during this difficult time.

    • The Bottom Line Blog Team on

      Hi Mike,

      Yes, you can utilize both loans; but you cannot use the funds for the same purpose.

      • Mohammad Miah on

        As a self employed I am applied ppp with Bank of America and I am applied also Sba loan
        My questions is I can apply both ?
        If I am approved for ppp they can cancel my Sba application?
        If I am approved for both can I keep both loan & how can I use?
        How I know my loan is forgiveness?
        Please let me know

        • The Bottom Line Blog Team on

          Hi Mohammad,

          These are all great questions. Based on your comments, it sounds like you have applied for loans. For your questions specific to the PPP program, please contact Bank of America as your application will be processed through the bank. You can also find the latest and most accurate updates and clarification on both programs on the SBA website.

          Best of luck and we wish you all the best during these difficult times.

      • Lewis Nguyen on

        Hi there,
        Just to clarify. If I received both PPP and EIDL, I could legally use the EIDL to pay the rent and PPP for payroll. Would that be alright and not considered as double dip?
        Thank you

        • The Bottom Line Blog Team on

          Hi Lewis,

          Based on your statement of how you would use the funds, covering rent and payroll are two separate purposes. However; we recommend you review details for these programs directly through the SBA website and/or discuss with your business banking partner for specific guidance as it pertains to your business situation.

  3. Phil Johnson on

    I own 3 gas station with convenience store, and never closed during the stay home order and my sales was not effected.
    Do I qualify for PPP or EIDL , and is that loan will be forgiven.

    • The Bottom Line Blog Team on

      Hi Phil,

      Great question. We recommend you review details for these programs directly through the SBA website and/or discuss with your business banking partner for specific guidance as it pertains to your business situation.

      Our best to you and your businesses.

  4. Sally on

    We applied for the EIDL and the PPP plans. We received both. I just read on the above comments that you can have both but you cannot use them for the same thing. My questions is: Is that correct you can get both the EIDL and the PPP? I also read that you cannot use it for the same thing. If you cannot use it for the same thing what would the other qualify to be used for? Could you please give examples. It has been one tough road. We were shut down on March 23rd and with no money coming in I have had very little sleep. Thank you

    • The Bottom Line Blog Team on

      Hi Sally,

      These are great questions and we empathize with your situation. You can receive both EIDL and PPP. However; for further clarification on specific information and uses for each loan, refer to the SBA website and/or discuss with the banking partner or lender you are working with for PPP.

      We wish you all the best.

    • The Bottom Line Blog Team on

      Hi Gregory,

      For an answer to this question and more specific details about the EIDL loan, we recommend you review directly through the SBA website.

      Great question — thank you.

  5. Stephen on

    My accountant told me that the EIDL advance is still forgiven (a grant) if you use it on something other than what you use the PPP loan for. Is that correct? I thought the EIDL amount would be subtracted from the PPP amount forgiven no matter what. Thank you!

    • The Bottom Line Blog Team on

      Hi Stephen,

      Thanks for your inquiry. We suggest you review details for these programs directly through the SBA website, your business banking partner and your accountant for guidance as it pertains to your specific business situation.

      Our best to you and your business.

  6. Steve D. on

    Would like to clarify the statement using the funds for the same purpose, example. We received our EIDL grant early on and have used it for our Payroll. Those funds are now exhausted. We have not received our PPP funding yet but, when we do our plan was to use these funds for payroll until we are allowed to get back to normal. I would not consider that double dipping as both funds are used at different times therefore both consider forgivable, thoughts?

    • The Bottom Line Blog Team on

      Hi Steve,

      Thanks for your inquiry. This is a great question. We recommend you discuss with the SBA-lender or banking partner you are working with for your PPP loan for specific guidance and clarification.

      Our best to you during these difficult times.

  7. Alix B. on

    Hello! We received the PPP and the EIDL. Understanding that the money from the EIDL needs to be used for different expenses than the PPP, does the EIDL money lessen the forgivable amount of the PPP loan (besides the advance amount)?

  8. Dave Smith on

    I received the PPP loan it is being used for payroll. We qualified to take the EIDL loan but haven’t yet. I would primarily use the EIDL loan to pay off a payroll tax lien from prior years for the business. Is this something that is allowed?

  9. Katherine Legg on

    Why does it state on the ppp forgiveness application that you put in the amount of the edil you got and your forgiveness will be reduced by that amount. Then why did it say you can get both if they are just going to take it away?

    • The Bottom Line Blog Team on

      Hi Katherine,

      Thanks for your question. Each business owner’s financial needs and situation is different, so this is a great question to ask the SBA-lender or bank you are working with for your PPP loan. In addition, there may be FAQs and information on the website.

      We wish you the best.

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